Japanese Words
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BOKKEN: wooden sword
CHOJI OIL: oil for swords
FUCHI: collar on hilt
HA: cutting edge
HABAKI: blade collar
HI: grooves in the blade
ITO: silk or cotton hilt wrapping
KASHIRA: sword pommel
KATANA: sword worn in the obi, cutting edge up
KISSAKI: point of blade
KOIGUCHI: the mouth of the scabbard or its fitting
KOJIRI: end of the scabbard
MEKUGI: sword peg
MEKUGI-ANA: hole for mekugi
MENUKI: hilt ornaments
MONOUCHI: main cutting portion of blade (first 8 inches from kissaki)
MUNE: back ridge of sword blade
NAKAGO: sword tang
SAGEO: cord used for tying the saya to the obi
SAME': Rayskin used for tsuka (handle) covering
SAYA: sword scabbard
SEPPA: washers or spacers
SHINAI: bamboo sword
SHINOGI: ridgeline of the blade
TAMESHIGIRI: cutting test
TSUBA: sword guard
TSUKA: sword handle
TSUKA-ITO: handle wrapping
UCHIKO: fine powder used to clean sword blades
WAKIZASHI: short sword


NI: Two
SAN: Three
GO: Five
HACHI: Eight
JUU: Ten

Class Terms

CHIBURI: "Removing blood from the sword." A sharp stroke of the sword done in such a way as to shake off the blood accumulated from previous cutting actions.
DAN: A term used in the Japanese martial arts for anyone who has achieved the rank of at least first-degree black belt.
DOJO: "The place of the way." A training hall or gymnasium where Japanese martial arts are practiced.
GI: A Japanese term for martial arts uniform.
GYAKU: "Reverse" or "opposite."
HAJIME: "Begin." Referee's command used to start a Japanese martial arts match.
HAKAMA: "Divided skirt." The skirt-like trousers or culottes primarily worn in kendo, aikido, iaido, and sometimes the upper ranks of judo.
HASUJI: “edge line” Quality of the sword angle as judged by the sound of the Ha/Hi.
HIDARI: Left or left side.
JUBAN: Under komono worn under a formal montsuki kimono
KATA: A series of prearranged maneuvers practiced in many of the Oriental martial arts in order for one to become proficient in techniques.
KIAI: "Spirit meeting." A loud shout or yell of self-assertion
MA AI: The distance between two opponents.
MIGI: "Right" or "right side."
MON: family crest.
MONTSUKI: Formal kimono top with with mon (family crest).
OBI: Belt.
REI: A command to bow.
RENMEI: A federation, league, or union of Japanese martial arts clubs.
RENSHU: Practice or training period.
RYU: "Way," "school," or "method." A term used as a suffix after almost all styles of Japanese martial arts.
SANPO: "walk" the command during kata to move to starting position
SEIZA: "Correct sitting." A kneeling position
SEMPAI: "Senior." Usually denotes any senior by age, rank, position or social standing.
SENSEI: Teacher
SHINKEN: "Real sword."
TATAMI: Straw mat.

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